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1:06 PM  June 28, 2015

TPU: scientists found gases in the Arctic accelerating global warming

© предоставлено пресс-службой ТПУTPU: scientists found gases in the Arctic accelerating global warming

TOMSK, June 28 – RIA Tomsk. The scientists working within the grant of the Government of the Russian Federation on study of the Arctic shelf found huge bursts of methane and carbon dioxide which happen because of thawing of permafrost. They will be able to "heat" the earth to critical temperature within 10 years, the press service of Tomsk Polytechnic University (TPU) reported.

"The toughest scenario is that 3-5% of estimated inventories of hydrates can be released into the atmosphere within 10 years, and concentration of atmospheric methane will increase many times… There will be a warming more significant, than doubling carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. If it happens, the Kyoto Protocol (the existing forecast of warming) will seem a good scenario", - project manager, scientist of Pacific oceanic institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences Igor Semiletov is quoted.

© предоставлено Валерием Бориковым
By estimates of scientists, in case of such events fight against consequences of environmental disaster requires about 70 trillion dollars – the amount, equal to the summary budget of all economies of the world. Thus Semiletov emphasized that the data of researches are preliminary, scientists intend to continue their work.

Experts clarified that the permafrost at the bottom of the North seas and ocean gradually fails and melts. Only during the last expedition about 500 zones of the abnormal burst of methane were revealed.

"We show that the mega pool of organic carbon of the Siberian shelf is already involved in the modern circulation of carbon. For example, massive bursts of methane (hundreds of grams from square meter per day) from the shelf of East Arctic were for the first time found by our group", - Semiletov marks.

Scientists from 15 universities of different countries participate in the project: Russia, Sweden, Holland, Great Britain and others. They already organized two expeditions to the Arctic: to study the Laptev Sea and the Ivashkinsky lagoon of the Arctic Ocean. Data are processed on the basis of TPU.

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