TOMSK, Oct 7 – RIA Tomsk. Modern space exploration is
still fundamental in nature, but very soon it can change the daily life of
people, since it is this area that is becoming a trend in world science,
professor of Tomsk Polytechnic University (TPU) Sergey Ketov commented on the
announcement of scientists who have experimentally confirmed the presence of
black holes as Nobel Prize winners in Physics.
According to open sources, a black hole - is a region
of space-time, the gravitational attraction of which is so great that even
objects moving at the speed of light, including quanta of light itself, cannot
leave it. The existence of black holes was predicted over a hundred years ago
in Einstein's theory of relativity. And all this time no one could experimentally
prove whether they exist or not.
"The Nobel Prize in Physics this year was awarded
for the fact that the scientists who received it proved that black holes are
not fiction, but real objects, this is a great achievement... If earlier
everyone was interested in accelerators and particles, now it's space. As it
turned out, one can get more information about our world in a cheaper way -
from space", – the press service of TPU quotes Ketov.
The Nobel Prize in Physics in 2020 is awarded to the
Englishman Roger Penrose, the German Reinhard Genzel and the American Andrea
Ghez. Penrose developed the theory of black holes, and Genzel and Ghez
confirmed the existence of a supermassive black hole at the center of our
galaxy based on the gravitational field, the scientist explains.
"There were many scientists who believed that
they simply did not exist, that this is a fiction. But about three years ago,
gravitational waves were discovered, which were also predicted more than a
hundred years ago, they arose as a result of the merging of black holes... Then
black holes ceased to be a fantasy... The prize was awarded for the fact that
all these hypotheses were experimentally confirmed", – explains Ketov.
According to the TPU professor, space research will
develop much faster than particle research at accelerators. "Yes, so far
this is pure science, but after some time this new knowledge will definitely
affect our life", – Ketov said.