© предоставлено пресс-службой Томского госуниверситета
TOMSK, Jan 22 – RIA Tomsk. Radiophysics of Tomsk State University (TSU) together with scientists from the German DESY center will
create the world's first prototype of X-ray microscope by 2020, which will
allow to conduct long-term cell research without destroying them, the
university press service said on Monday.
According to open sources, DESY (Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron – "The
German Electronic Synchrotron") – is the Germany's largest research center
for particle physics. It is founded in 1959, located in Hamburg and Zeuthen.
It is specified that the joint project of TSU and DESY assumes the creation of
the world's first prototype of X-ray microscope for the study of cells until
2020. The project is supported by the competition of the Helmholtz Association
of German Research Centres, funding will be 6 million rubles a year.
"A microscope is being created for the research of cells and their
structures. Today, there are devices which allow to do this with the help of
electron microscopy. But in this case, the object of research is destroyed due
to its bombardment by an electron beam. In a x-ray microscope, the influence
will not be so strong", – the TSU scientist Anton Tyazhev is quoted.
© предоставлено томской ОКБ
It is noted that TSU radiophysics within the framework of the project will
produce sensors based on gallium arsenide for recording emissions. DESY
scientists will produce an electronic microscope system, data acquisition
system, X-ray lens system. The device will be tested in Germany, since the
prototype can only be used in synchrotron X-ray centers.
"This is a new tool for research in the field of biology and medicine. The
scientists will be able to study processes at the cellular level, to conduct
long enough observations without destroying the object. Perhaps, the microscope
will allow to approach the understanding of the development of some diseases.
Also it will be possible to observe which changes happen in cells under the
influence of medicines", – Tyazhev says.