28 мая 2020  |  
6:12 PM  October 29, 2019

TPU invest 90 million rubles in the university reactor development

© РИА Томск. Павел СтефанскийTPU invest 90 million rubles in the university reactor development

TOMSK, Oct 29 – RIA Tomsk. Tomsk Polytechnic University (TPU) invest almost 90 mln rub over the next year in modernization of the University Nuclear Research Reactor; work is funded by a grant from the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, the head of TPU School of Nuclear Science & Engineering "Nuclear Research Reactor" Artem Naimushin told RIA Tomsk.

Earlier, the TPU press service reported that Tomsk Polytechnic University won the competition of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation for the modernization and development of unique research facilities (URF), which are created to obtain new results.

"The agreement provides for two stages: the first one – from the moment of conclusion to the end of 2019, the second one – until September 2020. Strictly speaking, this is not a grant, but a subsidy, and it compensates our costs: 50 million rubles in 2019, and 37.5 million – in 2020", – Naimushin explained.

According to him, in 2019 the university plans to purchase most of the equipment, and in 2020 to carry out installation and development of methods for working with it.

According to the press service, in total, eight scientific institutes and universities of the country became winners of the grant competition. Among them are the V.E. Zuev Institute of Atmospheric Optics of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Special Astrophysical Observatory of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

Complex for new technologies

At the reactor will be created installations that will allow to obtain scientific results and create world-class technologies in the field of cryogenic materials science, neutron capture radiation therapy, synthesis of radiopharmaceuticals and technological isotopes, creation of a component electronic base for the digital economy, and so on.

"Cryogenic material science: we irradiate various materials with a mixed stream of reactor radiation (neutrons and gamma-ray quanta) in space cold conditions. The main customers here are – Roscosmos and the developers of the satellites", – the interlocutor of the agency explained.

Neutron capture radiation therapy is intended for the treatment of oncology using reactor radiation. "It is used in the case of inoperable tumors as a "weapon of last chance". It is extremely effective, but very expensive", – the expert said.

According to him, the synthesis of radiopharmaceuticals and technological isotopes – is the production of radioactive substances that are not found in nature. They are used in medicine for diagnosis (for example, MRI with contrast) and treatment (brachytherapy), for technical purposes – as sources of ionizing radiation (x-ray machines, fire alarms).

In terms of the component base of electronics, new installations at the reactor may be useful for producing high-quality doped silicon in the future.

"Now we are making an installation for doping silicon with a diameter of more than 200 millimeters. So far there are only three such installations in the world. The most interesting thing here is that potentially our technology can be implemented in any pool reactor, and these are the vast majority of research reactors", – says Naimushin.

Also, a set of equipment will be created at the reactor for the study of materials suitable for use in nuclear and thermonuclear reactors of any type, including nuclear rocket engines.

About the reactor

The reactor of Tomsk Polytechnic University – is the only active university nuclear reactor in Russia. It was launched in 1967 and has since been repeatedly modernized. Over the past 10 years, more than 650 million rubles have been allocated for the modernization and updating of the park of scientific and technological equipment.

As it specified on the website of the university, the TPU reactor – is a unique educational platform. Annually, 430 students undergo training at the reactor. They in practice gain knowledge on managing a nuclear power plant, providing physical protection for nuclear facilities, nuclear and radiation safety.

Moreover, among Russian operating reactors only in Tomsk, at the TPU reactor, foreign citizens can be trained. They are getting ready to work at nuclear facilities in their countries. Since 2015, students from Egypt, Ghana, Nigeria, India, China, Tanzania, Brazil, Zambia, Iran and Vietnam have been trained here.

The reactor conducts promising research in the field of environmental management and materials science, nuclear medicine. TPU is one of the leading Russian centers for the development and production of radiopharmaceuticals – medicines containing radioisotopes.

Thus, on the basis of the reactor, scientists receive a diagnostic isotope technetium-99m. Here also operates the only in Russia production of scarce radioactive phosphorus-32.

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