TOMSK, Nov 14 – RIA
Tomsk. Who owns rights to a work made by
artificial intelligence? Can neural network developer claim money for using
findings if open data is at heart? Many questions will be answered by
conference participants "Intellectual Rights: Challenges of the XXI
Century", which is held at Tomsk State University (TSU). More details – in
material of RIA Tomsk.
Earlier it was reported that the international scientific and practical
conference "Intellectual Rights: Challenges of the XXI Century" will
be held on November 14-17 in the 31 building of TSU (Embankment of Ushayka,
12). The partners of the conference are Gazprombank, Skolkovo Foundation,
Russian Bar Association, European Media Group and a number of Russian and
foreign patent law firms.
According to the rector of TSU Eduard Galazhinsky (the participants of
the conference saw his opening speech in the record), intellectual property
issues for the university are not only and not so much scientific, but an
"According to the research of Rospatent, TSU is one of the five
leading inventive institutions of the country, occupies the leading position in
the number of registered intellectual property objects. And it is important for
us to understand not only how to protect our intellectual achievements, but
also how to quickly translate them into knowledge and technology", – Galazhinsky
According to the Rector, created together with Gazprombank and Skolkovo
Foundation in 2018 Scientific and Educational Center (NOC) "Intellectual
Property and Intellectual Rights" claims to be a leader in the examination
of intellectual property legislation today.
"Those fields, that we are entering, are related to the use of new
technologies, artificial intelligence, blockchain in solving legal issues, and
I think we should be the first in these areas together with the participants of
this conference. But it is not even about who is faster, it is important that
those real projects on which the university is working are implemented and
protected as a result", – Galazhinsky said.
However, Elena Borisenko, Deputy Chairman of the Board of Management of
Gazprombank, noted in her speech, it is not enough to simply gather leading
specialists on its site and open a research program:
© пресс-служба Томского госуниверситета
At the opening of the conference "Intellectual Rights: Challenges of the XXI Century"
"Lawyers, by virtue of their conservativeness, are not inclined to
high-speed decisions. And not just in Russia. But this world will need us only
when we meet the challenges of time. Our expertise is relevant only here and
now, not in the long term. We must explain to innovators why the protection of
intellectual rights is not a deterrent to progress, but a factor of
Who owns artificial intelligence?
Intellectual property issues in the era of artificial intelligence are
far from idle, the participants of the conference note. There are many unusual
nuances to traditional legal advisers even in the simplest disputes of
developers and their employers about who owns intellectual rights to invention.
"With regard to intellectual property, even such aspects are
important as evidence of intellectual property: on which computer the program
code underlying the invention is written – on a personal, or owned corporation.
Intellectual property is always a fine line", – Dmitry Zauers, Deputy
Chairman of the Board of Gazprombank said.
Intellectual property problems are seriously complicated when working
with artificial intelligence. There is no universal answer to the question: who
owns the product obtained by AI based on open source analysis (for example,
data from social media users)? And if AI independently creates works of art
based on the algorithm, the Chairman of the Board of the Skolkovo Foundation
Igor Drozdov asks.
"Who owns that AI created? The answer is whether working with AI is
creative. The share of creative component in work with modern technologies is
decreasing from year to year. Should we consider the right owner an engineer
who works with a neural network that creates works of art independently,
without his direct creative participation? This is an open question", – Drozdov
© пресс-служба Томского государственного университета
Chairman of the Board of the Skolkovo Foundation Igor Drozdov
Another problem faced by legal practitioners in the field of
intellectual property protection is the constant "fluidity" of
technology, which requires too frequent changes in the texts of laws governing
this field. Thus, legislators are reviewing the whole package of laws of the
Russian Federation at present, excluding the term "computer programs for
ECM" and replacing it with "computer programs" from them.
"Legislation must be technologically neutral. The law should not
describe technology in detail, as technology will change quickly and will
require changing legislation. For example, if we write in the law on biometric
data, we will trap the law with a specific technology, which may change
tomorrow", – Drozdov said.
Participants of the conference will discuss "fluid" legal
practice on intellectual property protection within three days. Specialists are
ready to share their recommendations with players of the innovative sector of
© пресс-служба Томского государственного университета
Participants of the conference "Intellectual Rights: Challenges of the XXI Century"