© РИА Томск. Павел Стефанский
TOMSK, Feb 7 – RIA Tomsk. Researchers of the
experimental TOTEM installation at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) of the
European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) found evidence for the
existence of a new form of matter – odderon; Tomsk State University (TSU) is
the only participant of the experiment from Russia, the press service of
university reports on Wednesday.
It is explained that the participants of the TOTEM
experiment study the processes arising
at the collision of protons, which form new forms of matter, such as the
Higgs boson, or new bound states called odderons (which comes from English
"odd"). These are the so-called bound states of matter with an odd
number of gluons (which comes from English "glue") which "stick
together" quarks (fundamental particles) in protons and neutrons.
"Until now during the experiments in the
interaction of protons, formation of matter forms consisting only of an even
number of gluons was observed. The last measurements for the first time
demonstrated the evidence of an exchange of an odd number of gluons", – is
said in the report.
© РИА Томск. Олег Асратян
It is specified that the TOTEM experiment is organized
by an international group of scientists - about 100 physicists from 20
scientific institutes of eight countries. TSU in TOTEM is represented by the
leading scientific employees of the Laboratory of Experimental High Energy
Physics Vladimir Ivanchenko and Yevgeny Chernyaev.
"The data obtained can not be explained by any of
the currently existing theoretical models of hadron elastic interaction, since
they assume that it is associated with the exchange of two or more even number
of bound gluons. If the existence of an odderon is not confirmed, the results
of the TOTEM are the discovery, which replenishes the treasury of knowledge
about the behavior of elementary particles", – the press service quotes
CERN-EP-2017-321 and CERN-EP-2017-335 preprints with
the latest results of TOTEM measurements are available on the CERN server, now
publications on this topic are being prepared for physical journals.