23 января 2021  |  
2:16 PM  December 23, 2020

TSU to train specialists for state programs of the Arctic development

© с сайта ТГУTSU to train specialists for state programs of the Arctic development

TOMSK, Dec 23 – RIA Tomsk. Tomsk State University (TSU) intends to contribute to the implementation of the state strategy for the development of Arctic resources until 2035; the university will study the impact of global warming on the indigenous peoples of the Arctic zone, as well as train specialists capable of introducing new technologies in the Arctic, the press service of the university said.

Earlier it was reported that the international scientific network SecNet was created within the framework of the Trans-Siberian Scientific Way (TSSW) Institute of Tomsk State University (TSU) as a tool for studying Siberia and the Arctic. Its structure includes leading institutes of Russia, Great Britain, Norway, the USA and Canada. The SecNet partners are Iteract II, University of the Arctic, American National Ecological Observatory Network NEON, and Canadian mountain station network.

"At the end of October 2020, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a decree "Basic Principles of Russian Federation State Policy in the Arctic to 2035". TSU, on the basis of which operates the international network SecNet, uniting leading Russian and foreign researchers of the northern territories, is ready to make its contribution in the implementation of a new state strategy", – is said in the message.

Save the peoples of the North

Studies by scientists from SecNet showed that over 50 years the temperature in the north of Siberia has increased by almost four degrees. The most significant changes in climate and ecosystems over the past half century have occurred in the Eurasian Arctic and Siberia. It is necessary to quickly develop mechanisms for adapting to warming, otherwise, serious socio-economic upheavals threaten humanity, the report says with reference to SecNet scientific director Terry Callaghan.

© предоставлено Алексеем Ольшуковым
"Already now, people living in its territory are feeling the detrimental effect of climate change, and this tendency will worsen over time. For example, the late arrival of winter and the establishment of a snow cover lead to the freezing of reindeer lichen, which is the main food crop for deer... All this can disrupt the usual way of life of local peoples, many of whom live thanks to reindeer husbandry", – the press service quoted Callaghan.

According to the scientist, in order to reduce risks, it is important to establish interaction between researchers, the population of the northern territories and the authorities. So, in 2019, on the initiative of the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug administration, a consortium was created to study environmental changes in the Arctic and the impact of these transformations on the residents of the Okrug. The consortium includes TSU, St. Petersburg State University, Northern (Arctic) Federal University and a number of other research centers of the Russian Federation.

Struggle for resources

At the same time, the preservation of the usual way of life of the indigenous peoples should not interfere with the development of the natural resources of the Arctic zone, the report says. According to Science journal, about 83 billion barrels of oil and about 1,550 trillion cubic meters of natural gas lie under the ice of the Arctic. Most of the natural gas is located off the coast of Russia.

Most of the Russian reserves of gold (40%), chromium and manganese (90%), platinum metals (47%), primary diamonds (100%), vermiculite (100%), coal, nickel, antimony cobalt, tin, tungsten, mercury (50%) and other useful resources are concentrated in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation.

The key task in the implementation of the "Arctic Strategy" of the Russian Federation is the priority development of fundamental and applied scientific research in the Arctic. The emphasis in the study of Arctic mineral deposits will be on integrated sea expeditions. One of the tasks assigned to the universities of Russia is to provide qualified personnel: researchers, technicians, engineers, says the report.

"TSU is ready to start training specialists in such areas as biogeochemistry of water bodies, environmental purification, study and assessment of the ecological state of water areas, monitoring of natural hazards and others", – the press service quotes Director of TSU Research Center Trans-Siberian Scientific Way Lyudmila Borilo.

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